When the economy is developed and there are is a lot of social change therefore, urbanization can be implied. Urbanization is a universal process and it is also the collapse of social institutions including the values. However, in the country of India, we cannot say that the caste system is the result of the urbanization hence, transforming it to the class system and the families are transforming into a nuclear family and the religions are temporal or worldly.


The western experience paves way to the collapsing-hypothesis as observed by Rao. Additionally, it does not consider the facts gathered in the urbanization in the country of India. There are three categories of urban studies, as told by Rao; one is those who are focusing on the institutional approaches, second are the cities which their growth in the history of civilization are treating and third, those that invents the role of the cities in culture and in the light of social organizations of many great traditions. The very first one showcases the economic institutions like the rise of the middle class and the religion including the commercial organization.

The city is inhabited by middle classes and groups that are into commerce and trading according to the eyes of Pirenne. An ancient city is a religious community according to Coulanges. But, for Weber, his emphasis was about social actions and the autonomous city government. Those people who are in institutions are finding the causes and the conditions for the growth and development of a city in different ways, means or contexts. There has been a typology of the cities in their processes that they all go through and the heterogenetic systems of changes in the tradition and as well as culture of the organization or the group.

The great tradition, as observed by Singer is an urban phenomenon and the change of the tradition into something greater which is what we have always been calling as urbanization. For now, the great tradition is now in a change in terms of freedom, fluidity, freedom, values, norms and individualism. Cities are categorized into pre-industrial and industrial by Sjoberg. The feudal one is a preindustrial city. But, there are still limitations of this approach; although feudalism is supreme, it is not the basis of a formation of a city and the modern city is existent because of a lot of factors in industrialization.

There is a list of criteria that is used to understand the urban stratification and structure. The important ones are the degree of openness and the nature of gratifications. These can apply to many groups and collectivities because a lot of them has opportunities for it to become better in their social standing but others are still deprived of the same. In motivational structure, the basis is the individual itself. The usage of available opportunities and the different means of communication just to make the aspirations of an individual to come true is also a basis. The urbanized social structure is characterized through the openness, mobility, ranking and attribution criteria.